Digital world: Right or left?

Jorge F. Negrete P.

Geopolitical phenomena affect the will of digital rights. Or if they give priority to the practice of their legal regime, or if they are limited to an agenda of power. It is not clear that the rights and values ​​of these are interpreted according to common Western values, they are subject to the priorities of political debate and economic interests.

Does the digital world need more regulation across country borders? Yes. Ideally it should be global, but economic battles between major regions such as Europe, the United States and China affect the adoption of a common agenda, forcing us to work for regional blocks. Latin America begins to build its agenda and define its priorities.

This week Europe woke up to a reality. The Europe of social prosperity, of the center of justice and enormous public expectations to face the market, was blocked by some elections that turned the vision towards the right.

Georgia Meloni and her party sweep the European Parliament elections. Orban, Le Pen and the PP in Spain are advancing in the preference of the European electorate. The coup is so strong that the French president, Emanuel Macron, disbands the National Assembly and calls for early elections, while Belgium’s first minister resigns. The decision will be the second force in the European parliament.

The United States, regardless of Biden or Trump, deeply coincides in its protection policy towards China, particularly in microprocessors and telecommunications networks.

China maintains its sales and policy, trying to survive in the face of European regulation and North American sanctions. EU and China lead research and development in the field of Artificial Intelligence; But, paradoxically, they face together and on their own side, European hyperregulation, which catches them in the same way.

There are no digital rights without connectivity. Where does Latin America fall into this scenario? During the Latin American Congress of Digital Transformation and the GSMA M360, celebrated in Mexico City, several joint positions were presented that aimed at a comprehensive vision in digital matters. The challenge? Just like Europe, the diversity of models of power that define the political geography of the region.

There will be no way for many governments to communicate with each other. Let us remember that Europe has spent more than 60 years speaking of fundamental rights and until 2012 we managed to subscribe to The Charter of the Fundamental Rights of the European Union and which began saying: “The peoples of Europe, in creating an ever closer union among them, are resolved to share a peaceful future based on common values”.

These common values ​​have not been discussed in Latin America, which is why progress is being made to regulate a common digital sector through economic conversation.

Invest in connectivity. Mats Granryd, General Director of the GSMA, says: “mobile operators will have to invest 109 billion dollars in Latin America by 2030 to close the investment gap and detonate the next generation of networks”.

Daniel Hajj, CEO of América Móvil, stated that “the fair contribution to the development and maintenance of telecommunications networks (Fair Share) is an indispensable condition for the future of connectivity in Latin America. All participants in the digital ecosystem must contribute” .

Here impacts governments with high spectrum prices and historical labor liabilities of public companies that compete in a system that is dramatically distorted.

Carlos Baigorri, president of the powerful regulator Anatel from Brasil, said: “Our Latin American countries can think of directives as a unified digital market. Europe, Asia and North America are tectonic plates whose interests collide and we are in the middle.”

Between geopolitics, law and justice.

President of Digital Policy & law

X / @fernegretep

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